Indian Administrative Services (IAS) as well as Indian Police Services (IPS) are two of the most renowned and significant All India Services that existed prior to the independence of India. Both IPS and IAS are important since they are the foundation of development within the country. The government administration is responsible for the IAS as well as the IPS. Revenue as well as Law and Order are two of the most crucial components. Both security and development are vital to the country’s development. IAS as well as IPS are the two main pillars of development and security in India. Candidates for both the Civil Services Exam and Civil Services Exam are conducted by the Union Public Service Commission.
The IAS and IPS do not compete in terms of power, and they complement one another. Both IPS and IAS are All-India Services. Indian Administrative Service is called IAS and Indian Police Service is called IPS. IAS and IPS are the most important functions in the government administration of a district. IAS as well as IPS complement each other. Both are vital for the development and advancement of Indian society. IAS as well as IPS officers have starkly different roles, backgrounds, education authorities for cadre control, compensation, and authority.
Let’s review the primary differences between IAS & IPS.
Evolution of IAS & IPS
Before Independence, IAS and IPS both were controlled by Europeans since only a handful of Indians could pass the Civil Services Exam. After independence, the services were thrown open for the Indian citizens and the eligibility criteria were diluted in favour of Indians. Indian Administrative Service (ICS) is the continuation of the Imperial Civil Services (ICS), which was prevalent throughout the colonial time. Civil Services are related to the collection of agricultural revenue thus the name “Collector”. It was among the first positions in the British company and started the coveted civil services.
The continuation of the Imperial Police is also reflected in IPS. The Indian Council Act 1861 first stated the necessity for Police Bureaucracy.
Both IAS and IPS are selected by UPSC Civil Services Examination every year. IAS candidates fill in the preference for their service of choice on the Detailed Application Formula (DAF) of UPSC and Department of Personnel and training assign the selected candidates to the service according to their rank and preference. Most candidates fill IAS as the first choice and IPS as their second choice.
You can appreciate the appeal of IAS by the fact that IAS is the UPSC Civil Services exam has been referred to as IAS. IAS exam. IAS dominated all other public service exams in Civil Services Exam, and in real-world situations.
Cadre Controlling Authority
IAS Classes in Vadodara Cadre Controlling Authority oversees the post and transfer officers. Although both IAS and IPS could be classified as All-India Services, they each have their own Cadre Controlling Authority. The Ministry of Personnel is the Cadre Controlling Authority for IAS. This ministry is directly under the Prime Minister of India. The Cadre Controlling Authority for IPS is the Ministry of Home Affairs which is part of the Home Minister of India.
UPSC forwards the recommendation list of candidates to the Ministry of Personnel after the Civil Services exam result and from there, all information of the candidates is shared with their respective Cadre Controlling Authorities.
The Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration is the location where all newly appointed IAS/IPS officers get placed for a three-month common foundation course. Following the foundation program, IAS officers remain at the LBSNAA as well as the other officers were sent to their respective training institutes. IPS officer trainees are sent to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) Hyderabad for the rest of their training. IAS probationers have an annual two-year program However, IPS officers undergo training for two and a half years.
The President’s Gold Medal is awarded to the IAS Training Topper, and the Prime Minister’s Battaon is awarded to the IPS Training Course Topper.
IAS training is more concerned about the management coordination, administration and management of the resources and manpower. IPS training also involves training in physical abilities and the laws necessary to perform the law enforcement duties. IPS training is more challenging and involves more physical activity. This includes parades, horse riding armors training, and many other important things that are essential for police.
Responsibilities and Powers
After a certain number of years, selected IAS officers become District Magistrate (DM). DM is the district’s coordinator at the district level, and is in charge of making a choice. He is the head of all district-level committees as well as departmental meetings. IAS Coaching in Vadodara The DM supervises the police system within the district. The city’s rules regarding Section 144, curfew , and other matters are taken by the DM. The DM is accountable for these decision.
In a magisterial system governance, DM has the power to authorize the firing to control the mob, or other similar conditions. The approval of the DM is required for the transfer of certain police officers.
IPS is appointed as the Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) in the district. He is more concerned about the law and order in the city. Even for certain warrants, he requires the approval of IAS officers.
Both IPS and IAS services come with broad job descriptions. IAS has more power than a DM, while IAS has less power than a DM. An IPS is the sole responsibility of the department it is part of, whereas IAS (DM) IAS (DM) is the responsibility for all departments in the district. As DM, an IAS officer is responsible for the police chief and other departments.
According to one protocol, the IPS officer need to salute the IAS who is the senior to the IAS. It also stipulates that the IPS officer is required to salute an IAS officer if they are superior to him. Certain states have instituted the commissionerate system in a few cities. This system gives police officers more power but not as much as the IAS.
Scope of duty
The responsibility of an IAS officer in the capacity of DM is across all departments of the district. An IPS cannot work exclusively in its police department and traffic department as an SSP. The responsibilities of the DM are broad and include all departments within the district. In the event of Disaster Management time when the army is in session, DM is the person who oversees the district level. He’s the equivalent of Major in an army.
The other functionary in the district is the IPS. He has to ensure the law and order in the city. He is more focused on departmental operations and the direction given to him by the DM.
Uniforms are separate for IAS as well as IPS. IAS officers are not required to wear to wear a uniform. They are able to wear any formal dress at official occasions. However, IPS must wear the prescribed uniform. The uniforms of IPS officers vary according to their rank. The IPS officer wears the Ashok symbol on their shoulders.
In public spaces people are aware of IPS officers by their or her uniform but they are not IAS.
The IAS can become the Cabinet Secretary for the Government of India. It is the most prestigious position within the Indian bureaucratic structure , and only an IAS officer is eligible to be appointed. UPSC Classes in Vadodara The State Secretary is the top position in the bureaucratic system of the state. An IAS officer is the only person who can hold this post. IAS officers also have the option of holding the post of the Union Home Secretary.
The Director General of Police is appointed by IPS. A IPS officer in Union Government can become the Director of CBI, IB and RAW. IPS is also able to be employed as a National Security Adviser.
Following the Seventh Pay Commission’s recommendations, the pay of an IPS officer has risen significantly in India. The salaries of an IPS can vary from 56,100 per month and up to Rs 2,25,000 per month. It differs based on the your level of experience. Salary of IAS is also higher than the recommendations of the Seventh Pay Commission. The salary of IAS can vary from 56,100 per month , up to 2,50,000 per month. It can also vary depending the level of your experience. The IAS pay is more than IPS.